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Assisting the Government in Policy formulation on the administration of Juvenile Justice, Prevention and combating trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children and women.

Running programmes and activities for children in difficult circumstance like street children, children of prostitutes and children from families whose parents are infected by communicable diseases like HIV / AIDs.

Ensuring protection and development of children and women from significant harm through institutional, non-institutional and out-reach programmes.

Co-ordination and networking with allied systems like Police, Judiciary, Civil society, NGOs, Corporate sector etc., to ensure protection and development of children and women who are living in vulnerable condition.

Running and Maintaining of child care institutions like Observation Homes, Special Homes, Shelter Homes, drop in centres, children's homes etc., under the provision of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of children) Act, 2000 either on its own or in collaboration with NGOs.

Running and Maintaining of institution like Rescue Shelters, Vigilance Institution / Protective Homes etc., under the provision of Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 either on its own or in collaboration with NGOs.

Running and maintaining of special care centres like short-stay homes, Half-way homes, for providing Care and Protection to girls and women as per the policies of State and Central Governments to protect girls and women from abuse, exploitation etc.,

To facilitate the implementation of the integrated programme for street children and the schemes for the prevention of alcoholism and substance (drug) abuse, of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India. Schemes under grant in aid by Government of India in the Ministry of Women and Child development and in the Ministry of Social Empowerment for innovative projects.

To encourage active participation of academic institutions by volunteers and NGOs in providing counseling and guidance service by establishing Juvenile Guidance Centre, Crisis Intervention Programmes etc., In Part II Scheme for 2004-05, five counsellers on consolidated pay of Rs.3500/-per month has been sanctioned for five centers at Vellore, Coimbatore, Tirunelveli, Tanjore and Trichy.


Probation of offender is the universally accepted, effectively tried and widely practised non-institutional method. It is being used by Judiciary at their discretion to treat and rehabilitate a variety of selected offenders, especially young persons, without sending them to prison.

Probation is a method of dealing with offenders within the Community. It was developed as an alternative to imprisonment or institutionalisation which is applicable to cases where guilt is established but where the judiciary considers that imposing of a prison sentence would do no good.

Probation is a conditional suspension of punishment. This pre-supposes that the released offender is not likely to resume a criminal carrier. It provides for assistance to the probationers in the form of personal supervision and guidance during the probation period of the Probation Officer.

According to United Nations Department of Social Affairs 1951 (Probation and related measures) probation is the process of treatment prescribed by the Court for persons convicted of offences against the law during which the individual or probationer lives in a community and regulate his own life of conditions imposed by the Court or other constituted authority and subjected to supervision by a Probation Officer.

The overall goal of correctional system is to rehabilitate the offender. Probation and related measures constitute an integral part of the more general movement away from the traditional punitive and repressive approach and towards a more humanitarian and utilitarian consideration for general deterrence and punishment. Probation concept is not inflicting, suffering on the client, but rather to prevent the client from suffering. Probation has two functions namely rehabilitating the offender and protecting the community.


Probation Officers who are eyes and ears of Juvenile Justice Boards/Child Welfare Committees are to play an important role in the administration of Juvenile Justice. The primary duties and functions of Probation Officers are as follows :-


Pre-trail enquiry to facilitate the adjudication agency to decide the release of a person under 18 years of age on bail or not.


If released on bail pre-trail supervision and guidance to children in conflict with law.


Social Enquiry Report : While furnishing reports the Probation Officers shall analyse and diagnose the problems of children through detailed enquiries and suggest measures for intervention to the adjudication agency to determine the strategy for intervention.

[4] Probation suspension.


The Department supports the Indian Council for Child Welfare, Tamil Nadu financially to implement Crisis Intervention Centre to provide support services like shelter, medical care, legal, psychological counselling and guidance to those children who are abused either physically or sexually. Crisis Intervention Centre extends the following services:

Rescue a child from abuse or exploitation or ill-treatment upon information received through Phone, letters, fax, E-mail, CHILDLINE etc.,

  •    Provide immediate shelter and medical assistance.

  •    Legal and counselling services and relief.

  •    Capacity building of family and the child.

  •    Re-integration

  •    Follow-up

For further details please contact:

Indian Council for Child Welfare,

No.5, IIIrd Main Road,

Shenoy Nagar,

Chennai - 600 030.


Keeping in mind, the best interest principles of children's developmental needs, the Department of Social Defence supports the Indian Council for Child Welfare to eliminate child begging. The programme components include the following:

[1] Identification of children who are found begging and protect them from further exploitation.
[2] Provide shelter facilities to such children, talk with them, and counseling the children and their families.
[3] Extend support services for pursuing education.


Government of Tamil Nadu was supporting Non Governmental Organisations to provide support services for fifty street and working children in the form of implementing Night Shelters. State Government extended a financial support of Rs.65,000/- p.a. per Non Governmental Organisation which may undertake the following activities.

[1] Provide shelter needs to street and working children who are otherwise would stay on the streets for survival, shelter and recreational needs etc.,
[2] Night meal at the centre.
[3] Provide counseling services.


In the Part-II scheme for the year 2004-05 Government of Tamilnadu have sanctioned the comprehensive Street children programme in which a sum of Rs.225/-has been sanctioned as maintenance grant per child running night shelters by NGO.


Government of India has introduced a scheme called Integrated Programme for Street Children and extends financial support in co-ordination with Department of Social Defence upto a maximum of Rs.15 lakhs for Non Governmental Organisations for providing services upto 300 children. For further details log on to the website:

Department of Social Defence coordinates as follows:


[1] Identification of Non Governmental Organisation to implement the scheme through inspection and evaluation upon the application received from the said NGOs and recommend to the Government.
[2] Performance appraisal.


Government of India supports Non Governmental Organisations financially to implement the following programmes under the scheme:

  •   Integrated Rehabilitation Centre for Addicts (IRCA) for 15 bedded, 30 bedded and 50 bedded.  (Existing name is Treatment-cum-Rehabilitation Centres)  

  •  Programme for Prevention of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse at Workplace.(WPP)  

  • Regional Resource and Training Centres(RRTC)

  • Awareness-cum-Deaddiction Camps(ACDC)

  • Technical Exchange and Personal Development Programme

  •  Preventive Education and Awareness Generation through Media Publicity

  • NGO Forum for Drug Abuse Prevention Innovative Intervention to Strengthen Community Based Rehabilitation.

  • Surveys, Studies, Evaluation and Research on the subjects covered under the scheme.  

  •  Other Activities to meet the objectives of the Scheme.  

For further details log on to website:  of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India.

The role of the Department of Social Defence is identification of eligible Non Governmental Organisation for implementing the scheme and recommend to Government of India and performance appraisal.